three.js 制作太阳系统

我了解的前端史

最近学了three.js,想拿来练练手,喜欢宇宙,于是亲手撸代码来完成这个,为了更真实,于是查了一些相关资料。
1. 距离太阳由近及远分别是【水星,金星,地球,火星,木星,土星,天王星,海王星】
2. 他们分别到太阳的距离为5791, 10820, 14960, 22794, 77833, 142940, 287099, 450400(单位万千米)
3. 他们的半径分别为2440, 6052, 6371, 3397, 71492, 60268, 25559, 24766(千米)
4. 他们的公转周期分别为88, 225, 365, 687, 4329, 10767, 30769, 60152(天)
5. 他们的自转周期分别为58,243,1, 1, 0.41, 0.42, 0.64, 0.65,
好了除了八大行星都已经调查好了,接下来八大行星都将按照真实比例绘制,(由于周期相差过大,遂正比于1/2次方)

three.js 制作太阳系统

1.绘制八大行星

绘制行星很容易,直接看代码

shuixing = renderMesh("shuixing", 0);
jinxing = renderMesh("jinxing", 1);
diqiu = renderMesh("diqiu", 2);
huoxing = renderMesh("huoxing", 3);
muxing = renderMesh("muxing", 4);
tuxing = renderMesh("tuxing", 5);
tianwangxing = renderMesh("tianwangxing", 6);
haiwangxing = renderMesh("haiwangxing", 7);
scene.add(shuixing);
scene.add(jinxing);
scene.add(diqiu);
scene.add(huoxing);
scene.add(muxing);
scene.add(tuxing);
scene.add(tianwangxing);
scene.add(haiwangxing);
function renderMesh(name, num) {
    let texture = new THREE.TextureLoader().load("http://www.bettersmile.cn:90/three_code/assets/textures/planets/"+name+".jpg");
    let geometry = new THREE.SphereGeometry(radiuses[num] * RADIUS, 50, 50);
    let material = new THREE.MeshBasicMaterial({map: texture});
    let mesh = new THREE.Mesh(geometry, material);
    mesh.position.x = distances[num] * DISTANCE + SUNRADIUS * RADIUS;
    return mesh;
}

在绘制的同时,我们还固定了他们的位置哦,

2.绘制小行星带

八大行星都绘制好了,怎么能少了小行星带呢?由于小行星带都是不规则的石头,这里我们使用上一节的ConvexGeometry()渲染。

let asteroidTexture = new THREE.TextureLoader().load("http://www.bettersmile.cn:90/three_code/assets/textures/planets/asteroid.jpg");
asteriods = renderAsteriod(asteroidTexture);
scene.add(asteriods);
function renderAsteriod(texture) {
    let asteroid = new THREE.Geometry();
    let asteroidMate = new THREE.MeshBasicMaterial();
    for(var i=0; i<20000; i++) {
        let points = [];
        let rad = Math.pow(Math.random(), 3) * ASTERIODRADIUS;
        for(var j=0; j<30; j++) {
            points.push(new THREE.Vector3(Math.random() * RADIUS * rad, Math.random() * RADIUS * rad, Math.random() * RADIUS * rad))
        }
        var asteroidGeom = new THREE.ConvexGeometry(points);

        var asterMesh = new THREE.Mesh(asteroidGeom, asteroidMate);
        //2.17-3.64 * 14960  = 32450 - 54450
        let dis = (Math.random() * 22000 + 32450) * DISTANCE + SUNRADIUS * RADIUS;
        let angle = Math.random() * Math.PI * 2;
        asterMesh.position.x = dis * Math.sin(angle);
        asterMesh.position.y = Math.random() * ASTERIODRADIUS * RADIUS * 4 - ASTERIODRADIUS * RADIUS * 2;
        asterMesh.position.z = dis * Math.cos(angle);

        asterMesh.updateMatrix();
        asteroid.merge(asterMesh.geometry, asterMesh.matrix);
    }
    let mesh = new THREE.Mesh(asteroid, new THREE.MeshLambertMaterial({map: texture, emissive: 0x484137}));
    return mesh;
}

我们渲染了20000个小行星,这里小行星带距离太阳2.17~3.64个天文单位,一天文单位为14960万千米。

3.加下来我们绘制太阳,月球,土星环

绘制太阳,月球和土星环(土星环P了好久),相对容易,太阳设置在原点,月球围绕地球,土星环围绕土星,

let taiyangTexture = new THREE.TextureLoader().load("http://www.bettersmile.cn:90/three_code/assets/textures/planets/sun.jpg");
let yueqiuTexture = new THREE.TextureLoader().load("http://www.bettersmile.cn:90/three_code/assets/textures/planets/yueqiu.jpg");
let tuxinghuanTexture = new THREE.TextureLoader().load("http://www.bettersmile.cn:90/three_code/assets/textures/planets/tuxinghuan.png");
let taiyangGeom = new THREE.SphereGeometry(SUNRADIUS * RADIUS, 50, 50);
let taiyangMate = new THREE.MeshBasicMaterial({map: taiyangTexture});
let yueqiuGeom = new THREE.SphereGeometry(MOONRADIUS * RADIUS, 50, 50);
let yueqiuMate = new THREE.MeshBasicMaterial({map: yueqiuTexture});
tuxinghuan = renderTuxinghuan(tuxinghuanTexture);
tuxinghuan.position.copy(tuxing.position);
scene.add(tuxinghuan);
taiyang = new THREE.Mesh(taiyangGeom, taiyangMate);
yueqiu = new THREE.Mesh(yueqiuGeom, yueqiuMate);
yueqiu.position.set((distances[2] * DISTANCE + SUNRADIUS * RADIUS) + MOONDISTANCE * DISTANCE, 0, 0);
scene.add(taiyang);
scene.add(yueqiu);
function renderTuxinghuan(texture) {
    let geom = new THREE.RingGeometry(16, 24, 50, 10, 0, Math.PI * 2);
    let mate = new THREE.MeshLambertMaterial({emissive: 0xaa8766, transparent:false, opacity: 0.8, map: texture, side: THREE.DoubleSide});
    let ring = new THREE.Mesh(geom, mate);
    ring.rotation.x = - Math.PI / 2;
    ring.rotation.y = - Math.PI / 12;
    return ring;
}
function initCanvas() {
    let canvas = document.createElement('canvas');
    canvas.width = 16;
    canvas.height = 16;
    let context = canvas.getContext('2d');
    let gradient = context.createRadialGradient(canvas.width / 2, canvas.height / 2, 0, canvas.width / 2, canvas.height / 2, canvas.width / 2);
    gradient.addColorStop(0, 'rgba(244,164,33,1)');
    gradient.addColorStop(0.2, 'rgba(244,164,33,1)');
    gradient.addColorStop(0.4, 'rgba(244,164,33,.6)');
    gradient.addColorStop(1, 'rgba(0,0,0,0)');
    context.fillStyle = gradient;
    context.fillRect(0, 0, canvas.width, canvas.height);
    return canvas;
}

function initSunshine() {
    let centerBallLite = new THREE.Sprite(new THREE.SpriteMaterial({
        map: new THREE.CanvasTexture(initCanvas()),
        blending: THREE.AdditiveBlending
    }));
    centerBallLite.scale.x = centerBallLite.scale.y = centerBallLite.scale.z = 250000 * RADIUS;
    scene.add(centerBallLite);
}

这里我们的土星环使用了RingGeometry()几何体,太阳的光晕使用CanvasTexture()

一文带你了解建造者模式及相关实例解析

4.让星球动起来

让所有星星动起来,使用自转和公转,这里需要一点三角函数的功底,

function allStarsSelfRotate() {
    taiyang.rotation.y = 1 / Math.sqrt(25) * step1 * SELECYCLE;
    yueqiu.rotation.y = 1 / Math.sqrt(30) * step1 * SELECYCLE;
    shuixing.rotation.y = 1 / Math.sqrt(58.65) * step1 * SELECYCLE;
    jinxing.rotation.y = - 1 / Math.sqrt(243) * step1 * SELECYCLE;
    diqiu.rotation.y = step1 * SELECYCLE;
    huoxing.rotation.y = step1 * SELECYCLE;
    muxing.rotation.y = 1 / Math.sqrt(0.41) * step1 * SELECYCLE;
    tuxing.rotation.y = 1 / Math.sqrt(0.42) * step1 * SELECYCLE;
    tianwangxing.rotation.z = 1 / Math.sqrt(0.64) * step1 * SELECYCLE;
    haiwangxing.rotation.y = 1 / Math.sqrt(0.65) * step1 * SELECYCLE;
    asteriods.rotation.y = 1 / 50 * step1 * PUBLICCYCLE;
    step1 ++;
}

function allStarsPublicRotate() {
    shuixing.position.set(rotating(0).x,0,rotating(0).z);
    jinxing.position.set(rotating(1).x,0,rotating(1).z);
    diqiu.position.set(rotating(2).x,0,rotating(2).z);
    huoxing.position.set(rotating(3).x,0,rotating(3).z);
    muxing.position.set(rotating(4).x,0,rotating(4).z);
    tuxing.position.set(rotating(5).x,0,rotating(5).z);
    tianwangxing.position.set(rotating(6).x,0,rotating(6).z);
    haiwangxing.position.set(rotating(7).x,0,rotating(7).z);
    tuxinghuan.position.copy(tuxing.position);
    yueqiu.position.set(
        (distances[2] * DISTANCE + SUNRADIUS * RADIUS) * Math.cos(step2 / Math.sqrt(durations[2]) * PUBLICCYCLE) +
        (MOONDISTANCE * DISTANCE) * Math.sin(step2 / Math.sqrt(10) * PUBLICCYCLE),
        0,
        - (distances[2] * DISTANCE + SUNRADIUS * RADIUS) * Math.sin(step2 / Math.sqrt(durations[2]) * PUBLICCYCLE) +
        (MOONDISTANCE * DISTANCE) * Math.cos(step2 / Math.sqrt(10) * PUBLICCYCLE)
    );
    step2 ++;
}
function rotating(num) {
    let x = (distances[num] * DISTANCE + SUNRADIUS * RADIUS) * Math.cos(step2 / Math.sqrt(durations[num]) * PUBLICCYCLE);
    let z = - (distances[num] * DISTANCE + SUNRADIUS * RADIUS) * Math.sin(step2 / Math.sqrt(durations[num]) * PUBLICCYCLE);
    return {x, z};
}

全是简单的三角函数,呵呵

5.加上星空

星空我们直接使用PointsMaterial(),我们随机3000个点(点太多会很乱)。

function initSprites() {
    let geom = new THREE.Geometry();
    let mate = new THREE.PointsMaterial({
        size: 0.2,
        vertexColors: true,
        color: 0xffffff,
        transparent: true,
        opacity: 0.6
    })
    for(var i=0; i<3000; i++) {
        let x = Math.random() * 10000 - 5000;
        let y = Math.random() * 10000 - 5000;
        let z = Math.random() * 10000 - 5000;
        if(x*x+y*y+z*z > 250000) {
            var vector = new THREE.Vector3(x,y,z);
            geom.vertices.push(vector);
            geom.colors.push(new THREE.Color(0xffffff));
        }
    }
    cloud = new THREE.Points(geom, mate);
    scene.add(cloud);
}

x*x+y*y+z*z > 250000,为了让他们处在很远的地方,我们过滤掉离中心小于500的星星,所以剩下的应该不多。

6.加上tween动画和飞行相机

动画我们是先给每个星球一个镜头(毕竟球球平等,但是给了地球最好的贴图),然后俯瞰整个太阳系

function initTween() {
    let pos = {x: 41, y: 17, z: -35, lx: 0, ly: 0, lz: 0};
    let tween1 = new TWEEN.Tween(pos).to({x: 40.36, y: 0.29, z: 2.642, lx: 40.54, ly: 0, lz: 0}, 20 * ANIMATIONTIME);
    tween1.easing(TWEEN.Easing.Linear.None);
    let tween2 = new TWEEN.Tween(pos).to({x: 67.41, y: 0.43, z: -4, lx: 65.7, ly: 0, lz: 0}, 22 * ANIMATIONTIME);
    tween2.easing(TWEEN.Easing.Linear.None);
    let tween3 = new TWEEN.Tween(pos).to({x: 84.6, y: 0.91, z: -3.42, lx: 86.4, ly: 0, lz: 0}, 24 * ANIMATIONTIME);
    tween3.easing(TWEEN.Easing.Linear.None);
    let tween4 = new TWEEN.Tween(pos).to({x: 127.66, y: 0.26, z: -1.47, lx: 125.56, ly: 0, lz: 0}, 27 * ANIMATIONTIME);
    tween4.easing(TWEEN.Easing.Linear.None);
    let tween5 = new TWEEN.Tween(pos).to({x: 177.78, y: 1.64, z: -61.37, lx: 200.84, ly: 0, lz: 0}, 30 * ANIMATIONTIME);
    tween5.easing(TWEEN.Easing.Linear.None);
    let tween6 = new TWEEN.Tween(pos).to({x: 359.81, y: 11.44, z: -26.28, lx: 400.76, ly: 0, lz: 0}, 35 * ANIMATIONTIME);
    tween6.easing(TWEEN.Easing.Linear.None);
    let tween7 = new TWEEN.Tween(pos).to({x: 703.65, y: 34.43, z: -73.74, lx: 726.29, ly: 0, lz: 0}, 40 * ANIMATIONTIME);
    tween7.easing(TWEEN.Easing.Linear.None);
    let tween8 = new TWEEN.Tween(pos).to({x: 1441.76, y: 2.69, z: -26.5, lx: 1447.09, ly: 0, lz: 0}, 50 * ANIMATIONTIME);
    tween8.easing(TWEEN.Easing.Linear.None);
    let tween9 = new TWEEN.Tween(pos).to({x: 2262.5, y: 4.43, z: 17.22, lx: 2263.59, ly: 0, lz: 0}, 65 * ANIMATIONTIME);
    tween9.easing(TWEEN.Easing.Linear.None);
    let tween10 = new TWEEN.Tween(pos).to({x: -374, y: 452, z: -3.4, lx: 400.76, ly: 0, lz: 0}, 85 * ANIMATIONTIME);
    tween10.easing(TWEEN.Easing.Linear.None);

    tween1.chain(tween2);
    tween2.chain(tween3);
    tween3.chain(tween4);
    tween4.chain(tween5);
    tween5.chain(tween6);
    tween6.chain(tween7);
    tween7.chain(tween8);
    tween8.chain(tween9);
    tween9.chain(tween10);

    var onUpdate = function () {
        var px = this.x;
        var py = this.y;
        var pz = this.z;
        var lx = this.lx;
        var ly = this.ly;
        var lz = this.lz;

        camera.position.set(px, py, pz);
        camera.lookAt(new THREE.Vector3(lx, ly, lz))
    };

    tween1.onUpdate(onUpdate);
    tween2.onUpdate(onUpdate);
    tween3.onUpdate(onUpdate);
    tween4.onUpdate(onUpdate);
    tween5.onUpdate(onUpdate);
    tween6.onUpdate(onUpdate);
    tween7.onUpdate(onUpdate);
    tween8.onUpdate(onUpdate);
    tween9.onUpdate(onUpdate);
    tween10.onUpdate(onUpdate);
    tween1.delay(70 * ANIMATIONTIME);
    tween2.delay(30 * ANIMATIONTIME);
    tween3.delay(30 * ANIMATIONTIME);
    tween4.delay(30 * ANIMATIONTIME);
    tween5.delay(30 * ANIMATIONTIME);
    tween6.delay(30 * ANIMATIONTIME);
    tween7.delay(30 * ANIMATIONTIME);
    tween8.delay(30 * ANIMATIONTIME);
    tween9.delay(30 * ANIMATIONTIME);
    tween10.delay(30 * ANIMATIONTIME);
    tween1.start();
    tween10.onComplete(function () {
        off = true;
    })
}

代码很长不过很好理解…
这样我们就完成了一个简单的太阳系。

 

想看demo的请移步至 郭志强的博客

转载请注明原文地址 https://www.cnblogs.com/vadim-web/p/12077466.html

聊一聊 webpack 中的 preloading 和 Prefetching

© 版权声明
THE END
喜欢就支持一下吧
点赞0
分享